◆ no more than two/three/four words(不超過2/3/4 個字);
◆ one or two words(一個或兩個字);
◆ use a maximum of two words(最多兩個字)。
有字數限制的，一定要嚴格按照題目要求去做。少部分的題目要求中沒有字數限制，這時，請注意，答案字數也不會很長，一般不會超過四個字。總之，這種題型的答案都是詞或短語，很少是句子，所以又叫“短問答”。考試中，A 類和G 類一般都是每次必考，考一組，共三題左右。
In this type of question, you will be given a list of headings. The instructions will also indicate around 4 to 6 paragraphs from the reading text. The task is to find the most suitable heading for each of the paragraphs. There will be more headings than paragraphs, and you shouldn抰 use any heading more than once unless the instructions tell you that you can.
To complete this task well, you will need to be able to identify each paragraph抯 main focus. The correct heading will sum up the main idea of the paragraph.
You may like to print out the original reading text before attempting this test.
What is being tested is your ability to:
Identify the main idea of a paragraph
How to approach matching headings to paragraphs
Step 1: Read the instructions carefully. Note that the heading you choose should sum up the main idea of the paragraph. Also note which paragraphs you need to look at, as you are often not required to do them all.
Step 2: Familiarise yourself with the list of paragraph headings by skimming through them quickly.
Step 3: Read through the first paragraph for which you have to find a heading. Remember that you are reading to find out the main idea of the paragraph. Concentrate on the main idea or focus of the paragraph and try not to be distracted by details or by unfamiliar vocabulary.
Step 4: Choose the heading from the list which best sums up the main point of the paragraph you have just read. If you can抰 choose between two headings, go on to the next paragraph ?you can come back to that question later. But don抰 forget to make a choice before the end of the test because if you leave a blank or you have marked two answers on your answer sheet, you will be graded as incorrect for that question.
Identify writer's views題型做法
In this task type you will be given a number of statements. You will have to decide if these statements agree with the writer's views.
To complete this task well you will often need to be able to recognise the writer's views not only from what is said directly, but also from what is implied. For example, we do not need the writer to state directly that he/she disapproves of zoos. We can infer this disapproval if the writer states his/her disapproval of the following: animals being taken from the wild, animals being caged, people paying money to see animals, animals not having any privacy. However, if the writer simply describes the problems with zoos this does not necessarily imply disapproval.
Also, we should not try to guess the writer's views. In statement 5 of the sample task on the following page, we should not assume that because we think that the lifeboats should have rescued more people, or because 'everybody' thinks that the lifeboats should have returned to rescue more people, that this is the writer's view. In this case the writer does not express any view on this issue; she simply states the fact that the lifeboats were not full and so the answer must be Not Given.
What is being tested is your ability to:
identify opinion and attitude
skim for detailed information
How to approach questions requiring you to identify the writer's views
Step 1: Read the instructions carefully. Note that you are asked to identify the writer's opinion, which may not necessarily be the same as the facts. Note also the difference between the three categories you have to use, particularly:
No The statement contradicts the writer.
Not Given The writer does not give an opinion on this point.
Step 2: Skim through all of the statements to get an idea of the topics you will be searching for in your reading of the text.
Step 3: Read the first statement again more carefully. Note the main point or opinion given in the statement.
Step 4: Skim the text for the section which refers to that idea. If you come across information relating to other statements, put a mark beside the section so that you can find it quickly again later.
Step 5: Once you have found the appropriate section of the text, read more carefully. Decide if the statement agrees with the view of the author (select Yes) or disagrees with the author (select No). If the author doesn't give an opinion which agrees or disagrees with the statement then select Not Given.