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位置: 雅思學習>雅思閱讀Short-answer題型的做法

雅思閱讀Short-answer題型的做法

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來源:常州朗閣

2019-05-23|已幫助:29

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雅思閱讀中,我們主要是通過定位詞來確定題目對應的文章具體部分,原因在于簡短精確,節省時間。今天給大家分享了雅思閱讀Short-answer題型的做法,趕緊來看看吧!

 

雅思閱讀Short-answer題型的做法
 

雅思閱讀Short-answer題型的做法

 

a. 題型要求:
 

每個題目都是一個特殊問句,要求根據原文作出回答。
 

絕大部分的題目要求有字數限制,一般有如下幾種表達方式:
 

◆ no more than two/three/four words(不超過2/3/4 個字);
 

◆ one or two words(一個或兩個字);
 

◆ use a maximum of two words(最多兩個字)。
 

有字數限制的,一定要嚴格按照題目要求去做。少部分的題目要求中沒有字數限制,這時,請注意,答案字數也不會很長,一般不會超過四個字。總之,這種題型的答案都是詞或短語,很少是句子,所以又叫“短問答”。考試中,A 類和G 類一般都是每次必考,考一組,共三題左右。
 

b. 解題步驟
 

◆找出題目中的關鍵詞,最好先定位到原文中的一個段落。將題目中的關鍵詞與原文各段落的小標題或每段話的第一句相對照。有些題目能先定位到原文中的一個段落,這必將大大加快解題時間,并提高準確率。但并不是每個題目都能先定位到原文中的一個段落的。題目中如果包含年代、人名、地名、數字,這些詞肯定是關鍵詞,因為原文中不會對這些詞做改變,而且這些詞特別好找,所以依據這些詞在原文中確定答案比較快。
 

◆從頭到尾快速閱讀該段落,根據題目中的其他關鍵詞,確定正確答案。確定一個段落后,答案在該段落中的具體位置是未知的。所以,需要從頭到尾快速閱讀該段落,確定正確答案。
 

◆答案要對應題目中的特殊疑問詞。
 

答案必須要對應題目中的特殊疑問詞。絕大部分的答案是名詞或名詞短語,也有少部分是動詞或形容詞短語。
 

◆要注意順序性,即題目的順序與原文的順序基本一致。
 

題目是有順序性的。第一題的答案應在文章的前部,第二題的答案應在第一題的答案之后。這個規律也有助于確定答案的位置。
 

雅思閱讀Short-answer題型的做法
 

Matching headings題型做法

 

Task description
 

In this type of question, you will be given a list of headings. The instructions will also indicate around 4 to 6 paragraphs from the reading text. The task is to find the most suitable heading for each of the paragraphs. There will be more headings than paragraphs, and you shouldn抰 use any heading more than once unless the instructions tell you that you can.
 

To complete this task well, you will need to be able to identify each paragraph抯 main focus. The correct heading will sum up the main idea of the paragraph.
 

You may like to print out the original reading text before attempting this test.
 

What is being tested is your ability to:
 

Identify the main idea of a paragraph
 

How to approach matching headings to paragraphs
 

Step 1: Read the instructions carefully. Note that the heading you choose should sum up the main idea of the paragraph. Also note which paragraphs you need to look at, as you are often not required to do them all.
 

Step 2: Familiarise yourself with the list of paragraph headings by skimming through them quickly.
 

Step 3: Read through the first paragraph for which you have to find a heading. Remember that you are reading to find out the main idea of the paragraph. Concentrate on the main idea or focus of the paragraph and try not to be distracted by details or by unfamiliar vocabulary.
 

Step 4: Choose the heading from the list which best sums up the main point of the paragraph you have just read. If you can抰 choose between two headings, go on to the next paragraph ?you can come back to that question later. But don抰 forget to make a choice before the end of the test because if you leave a blank or you have marked two answers on your answer sheet, you will be graded as incorrect for that question.
 

Identify writer's views題型做法

 

Task description
 

In this task type you will be given a number of statements. You will have to decide if these statements agree with the writer's views.
 

To complete this task well you will often need to be able to recognise the writer's views not only from what is said directly, but also from what is implied. For example, we do not need the writer to state directly that he/she disapproves of zoos. We can infer this disapproval if the writer states his/her disapproval of the following: animals being taken from the wild, animals being caged, people paying money to see animals, animals not having any privacy. However, if the writer simply describes the problems with zoos this does not necessarily imply disapproval.
 

Also, we should not try to guess the writer's views. In statement 5 of the sample task on the following page, we should not assume that because we think that the lifeboats should have rescued more people, or because 'everybody' thinks that the lifeboats should have returned to rescue more people, that this is the writer's view. In this case the writer does not express any view on this issue; she simply states the fact that the lifeboats were not full and so the answer must be Not Given.
 

What is being tested is your ability to:
 

identify opinion and attitude
 

skim for detailed information
 

make inferences
 

How to approach questions requiring you to identify the writer's views
 

Step 1: Read the instructions carefully. Note that you are asked to identify the writer's opinion, which may not necessarily be the same as the facts. Note also the difference between the three categories you have to use, particularly:
 

No The statement contradicts the writer.
 

Not Given The writer does not give an opinion on this point.
 

Step 2: Skim through all of the statements to get an idea of the topics you will be searching for in your reading of the text.
 

Step 3: Read the first statement again more carefully. Note the main point or opinion given in the statement.
 

Step 4: Skim the text for the section which refers to that idea. If you come across information relating to other statements, put a mark beside the section so that you can find it quickly again later.
 

Step 5: Once you have found the appropriate section of the text, read more carefully. Decide if the statement agrees with the view of the author (select Yes) or disagrees with the author (select No). If the author doesn't give an opinion which agrees or disagrees with the statement then select Not Given.
 

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